2017solar.com - When purchasing round for a photo voltaic panel battery, you'll find two fundamental varieties used in storing photo voltaic electricity. The main difference between them is that one makes use of an acidic solution and one makes use of an alkaline solution.
Lead-acid batteries are the ones mostly used in storing photo voltaic electricity. This is primarily because they're cheaper and can be found almost anywhere in the world.
When shopping for a lead-acid Solar Panel Inverter Battery Kit make certain only to purchase deep cycle batteries as they're made to be discharged on a repeated basis to as a lot as 50% of their rated capacity. Shallow cycle batteries, the unsuitable various, are only constructed to supply quick bursts of utmost power. Due to this fact they'll deteriorate rapidly if discharged by any greater than 20% of their capability too often.
When utilizing a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery, remember to cost it fully after every cycle, otherwise you run the risk it failing on you prematurely.
Regardless of how widespread its use, nevertheless, one significant disadvantage to the lead-acid Solar Panel Inverter Battery Kit is that its capability will reduce as the temperature drops, a significant issue in the dead of winter.
Alkaline batteries, however, work perfectly nicely in colder climates, as their solution is resistant to freezing. The latest of alkaline batteries can be left unattended and the photo voltaic electrical energy it is storing totally discharged without it affecting their approximate four,000 cycle lifespan one bit (or 20 years below normal utilization).
An alkaline photo voltaic panel battery will both be product of nickel-cadmium or nickel-iron. Nickel-cadmium is a slight bit extra environment friendly however it is also very bad for the atmosphere, whereas there are no identified environmental drawbacks to utilizing a nickel-iron photo voltaic panel battery, although it may be slower to answer a heavier draw.
Any new nickel-iron photo voltaic panel battery you buy you'll must first cycle by means of several instances (in different phrases: run it fully down and power it fully back up) with a view to properly break it in.
The quickest strategy to spoil some other sort of photo voltaic panel battery, nevertheless, is to discharge it too much (or "over-discharge"). To minimize the risk of permanently damaging your photo voltaic panel battery this, make certain not to ever discharge it greater than 50% of its said capacity. The truth is, to get the longest doable life out of your photo voltaic panel battery system, run as many batteries in a string as you need so that you by no means have to make the most of greater than 30% of any one battery's capacity.
It is equally dangerous to overcharge your photo voltaic panel battery. Some batteries come with a built in metering system that robotically switches off the charging process once the battery is totally charged.
Lacking certainly one of these options, nevertheless, it's extremely advisable that you just get in your photo voltaic panel battery some type of battery charging monitor. This way you'll all the time know the way near full or empty it is. Being diligent concerning the discharging and charging of your photo voltaic panel battery is one way to ensure you get maximum life out of it.
To find out the size of photo voltaic panel battery you'll need, you'll want to contemplate the next factors:
o the storage capacity you require;
o the maximum charge rate;
o the maximum discharge rate;
o (and in the case of lead-acid batteries) the temperature they'll be stored at.
Whichever issue requires the greatest capability will dictate what dimension photo voltaic panel battery you need to get. Just make certain you've got obtained enough capability to deal with your anticipated power needs throughout what you might reasonably anticipate can be the longest uninterrupted period of cloud-cover you might experience. Then, if utilizing a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery, add 30% to this amount.
The final important difference to notice here is that you just cannot professionally recondition a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery whereas you'll be able to an alkaline one, and return it to shut to its unique photo voltaic electrical energy storage capacity.
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