2017solar.com - When shopping around for a photo voltaic panel battery, you may discover two fundamental kinds utilized in storing photo voltaic electricity. The primary distinction between them is that one makes use of an acidic answer and one makes use of an alkaline solution.
Lead-acid batteries are those mostly utilized in storing photo voltaic electricity. This is primarily because they're cheaper and could be found nearly anyplace within the world.
When shopping for a lead-acid Solar Panel Energy Storage Battery make sure only to buy deep cycle batteries as they're made to be discharged on a repeated basis to as much as 50% of their rated capacity. Shallow cycle batteries, the unsuitable alternative, are only constructed to produce short bursts of extreme power. Subsequently they are going to deteriorate quickly if discharged by any greater than 20% of their capability too often.
When utilizing a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery, make sure you cost it utterly after each cycle, or you run the chance it failing on you prematurely.
No matter how widespread its use, however, one significant disadvantage to the lead-acid Solar Panel Energy Storage Battery is that its capability will lessen as the temperature drops, a major problem within the useless of winter.
Alkaline batteries, however, work completely nicely in colder climates, as their answer is immune to freezing. The latest of alkaline batteries could be left unattended and the photo voltaic electrical energy it's storing totally discharged without it affecting their approximate 4,000 cycle lifespan one bit (or 20 years under normal usage).
An alkaline photo voltaic panel battery will either be manufactured from nickel-cadmium or nickel-iron. Nickel-cadmium is a slight bit extra efficient but additionally it is very unhealthy for the atmosphere, whereas there aren't any known environmental drawbacks to utilizing a nickel-iron photo voltaic panel battery, though it can be slower to reply to a heavier draw.
Any new nickel-iron photo voltaic panel battery you buy you may need to first cycle by several times (in different phrases: run it utterly down and power it utterly again up) with a view to correctly break it in.
The quickest solution to destroy any other type of photo voltaic panel battery, however, is to discharge it an excessive amount of (or "over-discharge"). To attenuate the chance of completely damaging your photo voltaic panel battery this, make sure to not ever discharge it greater than 50% of its said capacity. In actual fact, to get the longest possible life out of your photo voltaic panel battery system, run as many batteries in a string as you want so that you by no means need to utilize greater than 30% of anybody battery's capacity.
It is equally dangerous to overcharge your photo voltaic panel battery. Some batteries include a built in metering system that automatically switches off the charging process once the battery is totally charged.
Missing one among these options, however, it's extremely advisable that you get in your photo voltaic panel battery some form of battery charging monitor. This way you may always understand how near full or empty it is. Being diligent in regards to the discharging and charging of your photo voltaic panel battery is one way to make sure you get most life out of it.
To determine the dimensions of photo voltaic panel battery you may want, you may want to think about the next factors:
o the storage capacity you require;
o the maximum charge rate;
o the maximum discharge rate;
o (and within the case of lead-acid batteries) the temperature they will be saved at.
Whichever issue requires the greatest capability will dictate what dimension photo voltaic panel battery it is best to get. Just make sure you have acquired enough capability to deal with your anticipated energy needs throughout what you possibly can fairly anticipate would be the longest uninterrupted interval of cloud-cover you may experience. Then, if utilizing a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery, add 30% to this amount.
The last necessary distinction to notice here is that you cannot professionally recondition a lead-acid photo voltaic panel battery whereas you'll be able to an alkaline one, and return it to close to its original photo voltaic electrical energy storage capacity.
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